Quantum technologies, one in four companies ready for debut. But Italy is behind

China and the Netherlands are at the top in terms of the number of companies that already invest in the sector and 20% of organizations have already reached the trial or proof of concept phase. Our country ranks last in Europe with 15% of companies in the field. The scenario designed by Capgemini 05 Apr 2022 L. O.

Quantum leap for quantum technologies in the world. A quarter of companies (23%) are already using quantum technologies or are planning to do so, assuming the development of at least one important commercial application within the next 3-5 years. Furthermore, 20% of organizations will step up their investments in this technology next year. It emerges from the Capgemini study that China and the Netherlands have the largest percentage of companies that already use quantum technologies or plan to do so, far surpassing Germany and the United Kingdom (both at 26%). Looking only at Europe, Holland ranks first with 42%, followed by a big gap from Germany and the United Kingdom (both 26%) and France (23%). Italy records only 15% of companies that implement QT, followed by Spain with 12%. Index of topics The global scenario on the adoption of QT While the vast majority of organizations using quantum technologies have been doing so for over two years, 28% say they have only started in the last 24 months. In general, quantum technologies are moving from being exclusively researched to having real-world implementations, with nearly 20% of organizations using them claiming to have reached the trial or proof of concept stage. A further 23% have instead identified "interesting" use cases, the report reads, and are preparing for the implementation phase.

The areas of adoption These companies foresee a wide range of uses for quantum technologies, from improving their level of eco-sustainability to discovering new materials for the production of batteries, from strengthening information security to developing medical sensors, to reducing emissions of harmful industrial gasses. Financial services organizations are leveraging quantum technologies to price risky assets more accurately, optimize portfolios for higher returns and spot scams, while life sciences organizations are trying to shorten cycles. of drug development. 10 more years on the universal quantum computer "It may take another decade to build a fully functional universal quantum computer, but in the next few years we will be able to develop high-impact applications based on quantum devices - explains Elham Kashefi, professor of Quantum Computing at the School of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh. Director of Research at the Center national de la recherche scientifique of the Sorbonne University and co-founder of VeriQloud Ltd - as long as the related algorithms can be optimized and adapted to the hardware under development, equipped with tailor-made verification processes ". Quantum computing has the highest potential of all quantum applications, although it is currently the least mature. The development of this technology has been accelerated by investor interest, expansion of use cases and technological breakthroughs, and on average the majority of organizations working with quantum technologies believe that its first commercial applications will be ready in between. about five years. Information security Quantum communications could manage the new requirements related to information security, in particular to protect the exchange with third parties, critical infrastructures enabled by IoT and cloud within organizations and data centers in the cloud. Solutions based on quantum cryptography are already being implemented, although 58% of organizations working with these technologies wait for the definition of shared standards before using them. Quantum sensors are more niche but also more mature, and could have significant applications in a number of industries. As they become smaller, cheaper and more energy efficient they can in fact be used to increase measurement accuracy, particularly in the Healthcare, Defense, Automotive, Civil Engineering, Construction, Oil & Gas, Aerospace and Telecom sectors. How long does a development cycle take Seven out of ten companies using quantum technologies believe that due to the long product development cycles in their business, it takes time to lay the groundwork (acquisition skills, identification of problems and use cases, laboratory experimentation, starting collaborations) and integrating quantum technologies into their processes. More than half (58%) also said that company management has supported the development of quantum initiatives over the past year. According to Pascal Brier, Chief Innovation Officer and member of Capgemini's Group Executive Committee, “the recent breakthroughs in quantum technologies aim to usher in a new era for computing, sensors and cybersecurity in the next 5 years. Our research confirms that more and more organizations are researching these technologies and experimenting with its concrete applications. In the last two years we have seen in particular the emergence of numerous initiatives in the financial sector and a great ferment in the automotive sector. Preparing today is critical to be able to harness the potential of these technologies as their commercial applications become mainstream - which is why our international team of quantum technology experts are working to develop their potential and make it available to our customers. ". It takes companies time to prepare Although large-scale commercial applications will only arrive in a few years, the report suggests organizations start preparing early to reap the benefits of quantum technologies, which allow for significantly higher performance than currently available. Once the use cases have been defined, organizations can in fact carry out tests with the support of a small team of experts. It will also be crucial to transform the most interesting use cases into small-scale quantum tests, forge long-term partnerships with technology providers and develop a lasting strategy to scale quantum expertise.

COMMENT: They tell you that there may be quantum cryptography, fake. The system is based on two statements. The first is that there are no cryptographic systems that resist quantum computers, which we contest because our CRIPTEOS 3001 is actually resistant to them. The second is that we continue to use public and private key algorithms. So it is stated that with quantum computers the computation of prime numbers linking the public key and the private key, hitherto impossible to do with traditional computers, is solved. Quantum Key Distribution, if it works, solves this problem and allows you to transmit the private key. Key which, as already stated, with known cryptographic systems, is quietly violated by the quantum computer. In addition, there remains the problem of false certificates of those who issue public keys, a trick that allows you to get hold of private keys. Our system has two keys of 128 kilobytes and therefore it is inviolable and fast, besides all it can be customized with a third key to differentiate the algorithms of the various customers. And if they want to transmit our keys with the quantum key distribution system, fine, but avoid saying that there are no cryptographic systems that resist the brute force attacks of quantum computers.