Quantum computing key factor for digital transformation in manufacturing

May 5, 2023 Stefano Casini 439 Views 0 Comments anitec-assinform, quantum computing, trasformazione digitale

Quantum computing is a technology destined to become a key transformation tool for the manufacturing sector. With its expected impact on product development and design, production processes and supply chain activities, it could provide a decisive advantage to those who will experience and use it.

The fields of application of quantum computing are transversal to many industrial sectors, which will benefit in various ways from the application of quantum computing to their business processes and market service.

These potentialities and perspectives were the main themes of the event 'Quantum computing and Quantum secure communications: an agenda for Italy', organized in Rome by Anitec-Assinform, the Italian association for Information and communication technology, and also streamed online.

Applied to manufacturing, quantum computers will be able to simulate component interactions within complex machinery, calculating system loads, assembly paths, noise and vibration more accurately and comprehensively.

This integrated analysis "can optimize the production of individual components in the context of the overall system, reducing costs without sacrificing performance", say the specialists of the Anitec-Assinform Research, Development and Innovation Committee.

Quantum computing could also help find new correlations in data and improve classification models beyond the capabilities of classical computing. It is expected that the combination of quantum computing and machine learning, as well as its application to optimization, will have a significant impact in manufacturing in several areas.

Daimler, for example, is working on quantum processors to understand how quantum computing can advance the development of new materials for electric vehicle batteries and improve automotive manufacturing techniques.

Subject index

• A great opportunity for development

• Quantum scientist, engineer and developer

• The fields of application of Quantum computing

• Quantum computing as a Service

A great opportunity for development

Italy has a great opportunity for development in this field, but according to data from the Observatory Quantum computing and communication of the Polytechnic of Milan, at the moment only 14% of large Italian companies have started one or more experiments in these fields.

Currently, the Italian government is investing significant resources in the research and development of quantum technology and has announced projects and training programs. Last July it started an investment of 320 million euros for three years in quantum technology through the establishment of the National Center on HPC, Big Data and Quantum Computing, at Tecnopolo in Bologna.

Quantum scientist, engineer and developer

It is necessary to "plan to train new specialist skills, to have infrastructure and solutions in the fields of quantum informatics and quantum communications security", emphasizes Eleonora Faina, general manager of Anitec-Assinform.

In terms of skills will be required profiles such as Quantum scientist, Quantum engineer, Quantum developer and specialists in cryptography. The collaboration between public and private "is indispensable", Faina notes, "to combine the scientific and methodological aspects of quantum informatics with the application profiles of industrial interest".

The fields of application of Quantum computing

During the event was also presented the White Paper entitled 'Quantum computing in support of digital transformation', realized by Anitec-Assinform, with the collaboration of CNR. From the analysis of specialists it emerges that the main fields of application of quantum computation are:

• The analysis of physical and chemical processes, particularly in the fields of quantum chemistry, materials science and high energy physics.

• Scenario simulation with applications in many fields such as financial, geological and weather forecasting.

• The optimization processes that are transversal to every productive field: from the optimization of the commercial routes to the supply chain, from the distribution of the electric net to the optimization of a financial portfolio, from the optimal dimensioning of a telecommunications network to the optimization in the allocation of resources in the data centers, in the management of the data traffic and, in general terms, of the energetic consumptions of net.

• Artificial intelligence algorithms and in particular deep learning, whose models provide millions of parameters that require weeks or months for their training. The quantum AI aims, in fact, to overcome the current limitations of traditional computers, offering even better performance than those obtained with traditional CPUs and modern GPUs.

Quantum computing as a Service

Companies looking for Quantum computing applications for relevant problems will need to discover new algorithmic approaches and redesign applications in a quantum context. Companies investing in the discovery of new algorithmic approaches to a quantum environment are likely to discover new, innovative and potentially disruptive ways to solve the same problems in a classic context.

The standardization of delivery models such as Quantum computing as a Service (QCaaS) is also emerging as a standard model among leading providers of quantum computing systems.

Quantum informatics "represents a great opportunity for Italy, in terms of technological innovation and economic growth", notes the general director of Anitec-Assinform. Quantum computing and Quantum secure communication "are in fact both a challenge and a great opportunity for Italy, which the country is determined to seize also through the funds of the PNRR, fundamental to develop a national public and private research ecosystem and build a more sustainable and technologically advanced future".

Anitec-Assinform, together with the associated companies, "is available to the institutions to share the strategic steps of the coming months so that Italy can consolidate the national quantum chain and compete with international actors".




Stefano Casini

A journalist specialising in the fields of economics, business, technology and innovation. After graduating from the IFG, the Institute for Journalism Training in Milan, in over 20 years of activity, in the field of journalism and Communication, worked for Panorama Economy, Il Mondo, Italia Oggi, tgcom24, Gruppo Mediolanum, Università Iulm. He currently collaborates with Innovation Post, Corriere Innovazione, Libero, Giornale di Brescia, La Provincia di Como, publishing house Tecniche Nuove. Contacts: stefano.stefanocasini@gmail.com

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